During the period of the south Indian Pallava dynasty and the north Indian Gupta Empire, ... Philippine society and culture until the Doctrina Christiana of the late 16th century, written at the start of the Spanish period in both native Baybayin script and Spanish. Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula to the south of France and Andorra and to the east of Portugal. Spain is in the progress of evolving its economy and integrating into the European Union. They have customs and traditions comparable to other parts of the globe. The highest rate of illiteracy is found in rural areas among women. In 1874, after a brief period of Republican efforts, the Monarchy was restored, and education fell into a constant battle between liberals and conservatives. Friars marched with soldiers and soon accomplished the nominal conversion to Roman Catholicism of all the local people under Spanish administration. Withcommunication as problem, the friars usedimages to explain the concepts behindCatholicism, and to tell the stories ofChrist’s life and passion. In 1521, Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes conquered the Aztecs and Mexico became a Spanish colony. Since the nineteenth Century, illiteracy in Spain had been on the decline. The first railway in Spain was built in 1848 and by the 1860s railways had spread across Spain. Hungaros are said to be Kalderash; they are generally poorer and more nomadic than the Gitanos. Historically, Gitanos live in the southwest and central regions of Spain. There also existed special schools for the specific teaching of grammar and literature. This reform, known as the General Law on Education (LGE), sought to reorganize the whole of the Spanish educational system. An historical overview of Andalucia, Spain The prehistoric Beginnings. The Spanish court of Alfonso V, in Naples, provided a direct flow of Italian educational ideas from Italy to Spain. Some of these included the adoption of the Spanish number system in many settings, especially when dealing with money, and adoption of Spanish household and religious words. The Moors may have been banished from the city, but they left a mark tha… They have their own system of writing, alphabet, and other nuance of a working body of literature. In July 2000, the census reported the population to be 39,685,655, with the majority of people living in large cities in the center and the northern part of the country. The verbs were simplified as well. Gypsies in Spain are usually divided into two groups: Gitanos (Gypsies) and Hungaros (Hungarians). During the second half of the sixteenth century, Spanish higher education started to decline; this decline began during the reign of Philip II and the application of the Ley Pragmática of 1559, whereby Castilians were prohibited from studying in foreign universities, with the exception of those in Rome or Naples. THE SPANISH COLONIAL PERIOD 3. Survival in thequest for food. Another group of immigrants who arrived against their will during the colonial period were enslaved people from West Africa. The Catholic Church has always played a significant role in the history of Spanish education. Among all the invaders of the Iberian Peninsula, it was the Romans who brought unity through a series of important cultural reforms. Our forefathers already have a body of literature even before the arrival of the Spaniards. In any discussions of Basque, Catalan, or Galician peoples, the lines between ethnicity and nationalism became fused. To further complicate this issue, one must also consider the role of immigration of peoples to these areas, especially the Basque Country and Cataluña to find work. As vast as the Spanish empire was during Cervantes time, the empire found itself engaged in numerous conflicts: the assault on Spanish ships traveling to the New World, conflicts with bordering European nations, the unrest and eventual independence of the Low Countries, and various revolts and displays of civil unrest within the Peninsula. PRE-SPANISH ERA Historical Records during this period remain virtually non-existent. In fact, education offered one of the greatest possibilities for bringing about reform in Spanish society. Tudor. Modernism began the breaking of traditional writing styles that we know today. Short Historical Background. From the beginnings of the second Punic War (218-201 B.C.) The Spanish city of Manila was founded in 1571, and by the end of the 16th century most of the coastal and lowland areas from Luzon to northern Mindanao were under Spanish control. Although the total area of the country is 300,000 square kilometers, the islands are 65 percent mountainous. Only 4,600 of the islands have been named and only 1,000 have been inhabited. HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTOF PHYSICAL EDUCATION 2. After King Philip II (for whom the islands are named) had dispatched three further expeditions that ended in disaster, he sent out Miguel López de Legazpi, who established the first permanent Spanish settlement, in Cebu, in 1565. PRE-SPANISH ERA Nevertheless, there are historical accounts that show these following types of land patterns in the Philippines: PRE-SPANISH ERA Historical accounts: 1.Those who engaged in shifting cultivation regarded all land as their public domain. and its Licensors During the … But abusive treatment of the local tribute payers and neglect of religious instruction by encomenderos (collectors of the tribute), as well as frequent withholding of revenues from the crown, caused the Spanish to abandon the system by the end of the 17th century. This decree directed university presidents (Rectores) to oversee that "nothing contrary to Catholic dogma or morality" would be taught in their universities. Spanish Colonization (1521 - 1898) 3. In 1898, it included the City of Manila and 23 other municipalities. Key Takeaways Key Points. One of the first attempts at reform, which came about after the establishment of the new Constitution, was the Organic Law of 1980 (LOECE) which, while short lived, laid the foundations for the University Reform Law (LRU) of 1983. Art history, historical study of the visual arts, being concerned with identifying, classifying, describing, evaluating, interpreting, and understanding the art products and historic development of the fields of painting, sculpture, architecture, the decorative arts, drawing, printmaking, Clearly, education was one of paramount importance. The cultural changes, which Spain experienced at this time, were profound, especially in terms of religion. 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