Parents give additional birth to compensate the possible death of children. The rate of infant mortality as according to 2006 was 48 per 1000 live birth. Sons are regarded as wealth of future. Proper medical treatment, nutritious food, pure drinking water and proper arrangement of medicines are necessary to improve the health of the people. The infant mortality rate becomes high due to the death of many infants. Their menstruation also starts the earlier age compared to women living in cold climate. On other hands, availability of these resources is pull factors of migration. In the recent past, we have noticed many people migrate to other countries for survival. It is calculated by calculating the difference between birth and death rates e.g. This is thought to due to a lack of intent to get married and take the responsibility of raising kids. Also, adults with higher education tend to get married late while those without higher education tend to get married early. industrialization and urbanization also cause the attraction of rural people to urban areas. Adopting birth control measures is considered taboo in certain cultures. Population change is simply the change in the number of people in a specified area during a specific time period. Birth Rates 4. It decreases the population of a country. No population can increase without limitation. All of his kids were married having children. Such diseases result death of the people. Natural change is the difference between births and deaths in a population. PIP: Causes and consequences of population change in Taiwan are discussed. The main reason for the decrease in death rate in Nepal is the decrease in the infant and child rate. Following the end of World … Due to these religious factors, people keep on producing the children till the birth of son. Sign up and receive the latest tips via email. Thus, lack of health services and facilities cause high mortality rate. Women spend most of their time by doing household works like cooking, cleaning pots, cutting grass, bringing firewood, washing clothes, etc. Social factors affect the population from social aspiration like norms and values. Previously the chances of death of either mother or baby were a possibility during delivery. Uneducated people think that they will get a chance to go to heaven after death if they have a son. It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched. The Major Causes of Population Change By: Natalie Holder Chapter 3 Outline 1. Due to illiteracy, more preferences are given to son, so more birth takes place. Illiteracy is the main reason that causes early marriage. C. Births, deaths and life expectancy. Lack of nutritional diet is the economic factor of mortality. Thus the epidemics are effectively controlled, diseases are well treated leading to a drop in death rates. Environmental degradation causes the problems of flood, landslide, soil erosion, desertification etc. The social causes for population growth are Ignorance, Religious belief, early marriage etc. Community smaller than society. Migration causes change of population. However, it’s clear that not all counties participated in this uptrend. Demographics (or demography) is the study of population statistics, their variation and its causes. Availability of various services and facilities. Most of Nepalese women are unknown of parental and postnatal cases. The following are the prominent factors which plays an important role in increasing population, they are: Death is an important natural cause to bring change in population. There would be rampant exploitation of natural resources, excess human waste accumulation, chances of epidemics, etc. Causes of Population Change Factors affecting the population change are birth, ignorance, status of family, polygamy, unemployment, poverty, death, illiteracy and natural calamity. Stay connected with Kullabs. Population Change Changes in a population’s size, growth rate, and composition can have profound effects on society, the economy, and individual health and well-being. Population change is the result of differences between the birth rate and the death rate which gives the level of natural change (increase or decrease) in a country. It was reported that girls of very low age were a mother to two or more kids. Since then the increase of the world population has slowed and today grows by just over 1% per year. Climate change can cause new patterns of pests and diseases to emerge, affecting plants, animals and humans, and posing new risks for food security, food safety and human health. Immigration from different countries increases the population of our country. The number of deaths due to recent outbreaks can never equate with those caused by past epidemics. So, people migrate from hills to Terai. People also migrate towards the place where their relatives are residing. Disease is the social factor of mortality. Illiteracy, superstition, unhealthy social environment, lack of public health services, and facilities are the causes of infant mortality rate. In red you see the annual population growth rate (that is, the percentage change in population per year) of the global population. It includes every relationship which established among the people. The four economic factors that cause population increase are given below: Climate and natural phenomenon are considered as the main environmental factors to determine the fertility rate. Food is widely available for most parts of the world population than it was before. People think that the bigger family increases the efficiency of work. Therefore marriage bond is considered as social liability rather than biological need. PRB tracks the key demographic trends underlying global population change and helps decisionmakers understand these trends and … Illiteracy helps to increase population in the following ways: In our society, there is still prevalence of polygamy. The social factors of migration include marriage and infrastructure. The major factors affecting population are birth, death and migration. When a population is small, the influence of genetic drift increases, which leads to less and/or random fixation of alleles. Good health is directly proportion to the number of health services and facilities. They prefer unscientific methods of treatment visit to 'Jhankri' instead of visiting modern doctors. Environmental factor consists of climate and natural calamities. Each of them had their own house and sufficient land to cultivate. Occupation, Business & Technology Education, Population Situation of Nepal and Environment, Composition of Population: Sex, Caste and Religion, Urbanization Trend, Impact and Urbanization by Regions, Population Composition: Age, Mother tongue, Educational Status, Occupation, Relationship Among Population, Environment, and Development, Demography, Population Change and its Management, Demography, Sources of Population Data and Census, Factor Affecting Population Changes:The birth, Factors Affecting Population Change: Death and Migration, Concept of Health, Population and Environment Education, Need of Health, Population and Environment Education, Concept of Population and Population Education, Interrelationship between Different Aspects of Health, Population and Environment Education, Environmental Effects of Population Growth, Social and Economic Effects of Population Growth, Air, Water, Land, Forest Resource, Wildlife and Minerals, Interrelationship Between Natural Resources and Human Beings, Major Programmes and Local Efforts for Caring of Earth, Source and causes of Environmental Pollution, Adolescence. Though it is not appropriate to mention them here. These problems are found common in the hilly region in Nepal. Problems of population size and growth, resource utilization and depletion, and environmental deterioration must be considered jointly and on a global basis. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "ac6bce39bcb047f40953fdcf36f01f01" );document.getElementById("fe249e69df").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Many people think that women are the domestic workers. The size and demographics of the population change when: 1. fewer children are born; 2. families with children move to larger towns and cities; 3. young and better-educated people move to larger towns and cities. In cultures where a woman’s role is considered to be that of a child-bearer, large families become the norm. Carbohydrates, fats, minerals and vitamins them and hence causes of population change expectancy ),,! 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