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Isolde was now expressly not acknowledged as a daughter of Richard Wagner.  For Cosima's birthday on 25 December 1878, Wagner hired an orchestra to play the newly composed prelude to Parsifal. On one occasion she provided him with a scenario she had written for an opera based on the story of Merlin, court magician to King Arthur. Wagner had never formally acknowledged parentage.  [n 6], The English tour raised little money but restored Wagner's spirits. Cosima's first child, a daughter born on 12 October 1860, was named Daniela in Daniel's memory. After a few months' wandering, in March 1866 Wagner arrived in Geneva, where Cosima joined him. Cosima Wagner (born Francesca Gaetana Cosima Liszt; 24 December 1837 1 April 1930) was the daughter of the Hungarian pianist and composer Franz Liszt and Marie d'Agoult. What other power could produce such feelings! Also, in 1912 Isolde was diagnosed with serious lung damage, which seems to have been a symptom of the tuberculosis that would ultimately kill her. Cosima's biographer Oliver Hilmes likens the regime to that used for breaking in horses, though Marek describes it as exacting but ultimately beneficial to Cosima: "Above all, Patersi taught her how a 'noble lady' must behave, how to alight from a carriage, how to enter a drawing room, how to greet a duchess as against a commoner and how not to betray herself when she was hurt".  The youngest daughter, Eva, rejected numerous suitors to remain her mother's secretary and companion for the rest of Cosima's tenure. , A happier family event from Cosima's standpoint was Siegfried's marriage in 1915, at the age of 46, to Winifred Williams, the 18-year-old foster-daughter of Karl Klindworth who had been friends with both Wagner and Liszt. Cosima Wagner (born Francesca Gaetana Cosima Liszt) was the daughter of the Hungarian pianist and composer Franz Liszt.  By this time Cosima was pregnant with her second child by Wagner; a daughter, Eva, was born at Tribschen on 17 February 1867. In 1857, after a childhood largely spent under the care of her grandmother and with governesses, Cosima married the conductor Hans von Blow.  Eventually Siegfried Wagner managed to find a wife, described dismissively but accurately by some as "an English orphan". [n 3] Cosima's journal for that day records: "May I be worthy of bearing R's name! Franz Beidler had returned from Russia to conduct The Ring in 1904, but his 1906 Parsifal turned out to be his last appearance as a conductor at Bayreuth.  The need for a theatre of his own, and full artistic control, was now clear to Wagner. Wagner's mood was such that he seriously contemplated giving up the entire Bayreuth project; he was distracted from such thoughts by an invitation to conduct a series of concerts in London. I saluted Cosima very respectfully, but she did not consider it worth the trouble to bestow on me a single glance; indeed she is known to the whole world as an exceedingly hautghty and conceited lady. Cosima Wagner.  A social relationship developed, and during the summer of 1862 the Blows stayed with Wagner at the composer's home at Biebrich. Thus, although she is widely perceived as the saviour of the festival, her legacy remains controversial. , Cosima and Blandine remained with Anna Liszt until 1850, joined eventually by Daniel.  There are suggestions that the Beidlers hoped that the move to Munich would enable them to distance themselves from the ever-more-toxic family politics of the Wagner clan, centred on Bayreuth. [n 7] During the embalming process, which occupied the next two days, Cosima sat with the body as often as possible, to the dismay of her children. Wagner, anxious to avoid associating Cosima in a public scandal, deceived Ludwig into issuing a statement in June 1866 which declared the unbroken sanctity of the von Blows' marriage, and promised retribution for those daring to suggest otherwise.  Here they were placed in the care of Franziska von Blow, whose son Hans was Liszt's most outstanding pupil; he would take charge of the girls' musical education while Frau von Blow supervised their general and moral welfare.  In October 1862, just after Blandine's death, Wagner and Blow shared conducting duties at a concert in Leipzig; Wagner records that, during a rehearsal, "I felt utterly transported by the sight of Cosima she appeared to me as if stepping from another world". Isolde's threats proved unproductive so she launched a legal "inheritance case" in the Bayreuth District Court against her mother.  A further, unexpected blow for Cosima fell in September 1862, when her sister Blandine, who had shared much of her upbringing, died in childbirthshe had been married to mile Ollivier, a Parisian lawyer, since October 1857.  When the couple's first son, Wieland, was born on 5 January 1917, Cosima celebrated by playing excerpts from the Siegfried Idyll on Wagner's piano. Marek closes his account by emphasising her role not only as Wagner's protector but as his muse: "Without her there would have been no Siegfried Idyll, no Bayreuth, and no Parsifal". When Wagner demanded the sacking both of Ludwig's cabinet secretary and of his prime minister, there was a public outcry, and in December 1865 Ludwig reluctantly told Wagner to leave Bavaria. , Isolde Beidler died in her Prinzregentenplatz apartment at mid-afternoon on 7 February 1919 at the end of a lengthy period of intensely painful illness.  In these years Wagner's emotional life was in disarray.  When he and Cosima visited in April 1871 they decided immediately that they would build their theatre there, and that the town would be their future home. Late in 1837, when Marie was heavily pregnant with their second child, the couple were at Como in Italy. Leaving the children behind, he and Cosima enjoyed a two-month break in England where, among others, Cosima met the novelist George Eliot, the poet Robert Browning, and the painter Edward Burne-Jones (who made a number of sketches of Cosima from which no finished painting emerged). Liszt's solution was to remove the girls from Marie and place them with his mother, Anna Liszt, in her Paris home while Daniel remained with nurses in Venice.  None of that changed the outcome in court, however.  Months later, Cosima records, his attitude towards the productions was "Never again, never again!". She is the second wife of the German composer Richard Wagner, and with him founded the Bayreuth Festival as a showcase for his stage works; after his death she devoted the rest of her life to the promotion of his music and philosophy. Cosima was born and educated in Leipzig, Germany.  In 1903, taking advantage of the lack of a copyright agreement between the United States and Germany, Heinrich Conried of the New York Metropolitan Opera announced that he would stage Parsifal later that year. ", In March 1876, Cosima and Wagner were in Berlin when they learned that Marie d'Agoult had died in Paris.  The succession was accomplished against a background of family disagreement; Beidler thought that he had rights, based partly on his greater conducting experience and also because he and Isolde had produced Wagner's only grandchild, a son born in October 1901, who could establish a dynastic succession. , During this period Cosima admitted to Liszt, who had taken minor orders in the Catholic Church, that she intended converting to Protestantism.  Among other royal visitors were the German emperor Wilhelm I, Dom Pedro II of Brazil and an assortment of princes and grand dukes from the European royal families. Cosima was just an appalling human being.  The king did not, however, withdraw his patronage or financial support. After Cosima lived with Wagner from 1866 on, bearing him three children, von Bulow finally agreed to a divorce and the couple married in 1870, though, interestingly, von Bulow's professional relationship with Wagner continued unabated. Wagner objected on the grounds of Levi's Jewish faith; Parsifal, he maintained, was a "Christian" opera. The festival had accumulated a large financial deficit; this, and Wagner's deep artistic dissatisfaction, precluded the possibility of any repeat in the near future. Her hopes of recovering her status in the city were dented when her influential mother, Madame de Flavigny, refused to acknowledge the children; Marie would not be accepted socially while her daughters were clearly in evidence. , From June onwards, Cosima's journal entries consist almost entirely of comments on the forthcoming festival's rehearsals, sometimes warmly approving, often critical and anxious; for example, she found the costumes "reminiscent throughout of Red Indian chiefs all the marks of provincial tastelessness". Wagner's biographer Robert W. Gutman suggests that von Blow may genuinely have believed, or at least hoped, that the child was his, "until the passing of weeks saw the development of the unmistakeable domelike brow, aquiline nose, and protruding jaw". Cosimas parents were never married, and after her birth in 1837 she was brought at , Wagner family finances took a hit in 1913 after copyright protection on the composer's works expired.  The case of "Frau Isolde Beidler gegen Frau Dr. Cosima Wagner" opened on 6 March 1914 and ended on 19 June that year, when the court dismissed the plaint. After it had died away, R put into my hands the score of his "Symphonic Birthday Greeting. Wagner family tree.  After they returned to Colmdorf relations broke down completely between Isolde's husband and her mother, who wrote a letter to Beidler on 11 August 1906 assuring him that if Isolde were to ask her for advice on the matter she would advise her daughter to separate from him as a matter of urgency. 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