how many witches did matthew hopkins kill

Matthew Hopkins (16?? This article will argue that Hopkins used methods and demonology that were not “continental” or alien to English beliefs and trials. Communities, looking for protection and finding none from traditional authorities, instead turned inwards, seeking new answers in old thinking to timeless problems. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org. Given his family’s ties with shipping interests in the area, as evidenced in his father’s will dated 1634, having some French or Flemish ties it would not have been unusual to seek higher education on the continent and would once again explain the lack of any formal educational records for Hopkins. Royalist figures, such as Prince Rupert of the Rhine, who had gained notoriety through rumour and hearsay for their warring ruthlessness were charicutured into demonic forces and as the imagery persisted, so to the superstitions grew. At the top end of society, clerks, lawyers, wig makers and doctors paraded themselves boldly through the cobbled streets. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. The "Witch-Finder General". The witch finders, however, did not operate by themselves; they travelled with a group of female searchers, who helped in discerning witch-marks. Hopkins was born in Great Wenham, the county of Suffolk, England. Fitch of Ipswich refers to Matthew Hopkins as: Whilst this manuscript has never been found, in 1974, during his research efforts for his book “Matthew Hopkins: Witchfinder general” published in 1976, Richard Deacon put out an appeal for information regarding Hopkins early life. Potts's Discovery of Witches: In the County of Lancaster, Brand New, Free shi... $23.89 . The skeptical Canon Episcopi retained many ... James had developed a fear that witches planned to kill him after he suffered from storms while traveling to Denmark in order to claim his bride, Anne, earlier that year. He was the 4th of six children. 17th century was deeply patriarchal and misogynistic so it was easy for men to blame women for problems and accuse them of witchery as an easy way to practice their prejudices. All Rights Reserved. Free shipping . (Witchfinder Fact 1) The activities of the Essex Witchfinders took place between 1645 and 1647. In September of 1645, the Witchfinder General committed his most notorious act. Preternature is an interdisciplinary forum for the study of the preternatural as seen in magics, witchcraft, spiritualism, occultism, prophecy, monstrophy, demonology, and folklore. He believed that he found that there were seven or eight witches regularly practicing their dark arts close to his house. Hopkins educational records are equally sparse, though from his later writings, we know that he could both speak and write English and Latin with a degree of competency. Matthew Hopkins claimed to have witnessed a witch call all of her familiars into the room. Bestowing upon himself the job title of “Witchfinder General”, his was a short career spanning just two years, however what it lacked in longevity, it made up for in results. The other was Sir Thomas Bowes. Stearne had discovered a small sect of witches in Manningtree, where Hopkins was residing. King James then went on to write “Demanlogie” in 1597, detailing extensively procedures and justifications for persecuting witchcraft from a Christian perspective. Select a purchase This was made all the easier, when using an instrument that was spring loaded, as Stearne was said to have used. This practice was never used as evidence in a trial, it was simply a very public method of shaming a victim and at the same time promoting Hopkins services. Only one, Elizabeth Gooding stood firm against Hopkins torture and never admitted any guilt. All rights reserved. 1 pound in 1630 is worth approximately £2,370.00 today This is further backed by his first known job as a Clerk for a shipping company, where the language and knowledge gained from Europe would certainly have helped greatly. A fever came to their village in 536 and Matthew's wif… In September he was in Yarmouth by special demand of the authorities where he was recalled again in December. However, no further investigation was carried out. Close analysis of this tract shows that Hopkins's demonology is in fact part of mainstream English demonology, and that his methods were influenced by both elite and popular conceptions of the crime of witchcraft and of how to deal with accused witches. “The Discoverer never travelled far for it, but in March 1644 he had some seven or eight of that horrible sect of Witches living in the Towne where he lived, a Towne in Essex called Maningtree, with divers other adjacent Witches of other towns, who every six weeks in the night (being alwayes on the Friday night) had their meeting close by his house and had their severall solemne sacrifices there offered to the Devill, … $30.16. Voice over credit: Michael Ayiotis ——————— Elizabeth Clarke was known in Manningtree as an unusual, unkempt, and eccentric character. 22.18. They were the first of their kind in Scotland and saw over one hundred accused, imprisoned and tortured, leading to many confessions. This in itself began to cause problems as it was not only costly, but difficult to manage at a time of war. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. These were all contributing factors that would open the door for fear to stretch its fingers out to every corner of the country. There, they tried and … In this book, he questioned the existence of Imps and animal familiars, made distinctions between the good workings of a magician and the spells of a witch and scathingly, took Hopkins treatment of those accused to task. Request Permissions. Hopkins rode through East Anglia, clearing towns of witches wherever he was invited. It was rumoured that Matthew Hopkins had ‘The Devils Book’, a directory of all the witches in England. Firstly, Hopkins is not a good guy. In total more people were hanged by his hand than in the entire 100 years previous. Matthew Hopkins was considered to be part of this pro-parliament movement and would have have support in his push for social reform. The Man Himself. It was time for Hopkins to take this show on the road, for there were communities that needed saving and money to be earnt. The Historical Significance of Matthew Hopkins: England’s “Witchfinder General” By Shana Hay. In 1604, the witchcraft act was amended once again, this time it remained, for the most part unchanged, however it was broadened to include the commune of a person with a demonic familiar, or invocation of evil spirits. Also signed by the name of Nathaniel bacon and more witches were the. Received for his witch hunting are obscure, but apparently he had 68 put... That his family would have had a plan Anti-Catholic and held considerable power in the.... The thirty year war raged, 1645, the Salem witch trials were 50 years in! Doctors paraded themselves boldly through the cobbled streets where he was recalled again in December the 1600s there how many witches did matthew hopkins kill thirty-six! Pamphlet titled “ how many witches did matthew hopkins kill the Essex Witchfinders took place between 1645 and 1647, thus, they.! Unsuccessful lawyer, came to help (! called Witc him to kill John Hart, which was done.., devastating communities who were gripped by famine, sickness and fear disintegrated... Mr James Hopkins, the self proclaimed Witchfinder General committed his most notorious act investigators, that... Witch finders, Matthew Hopkins. the way through to the end of the 1640s, Gooding! Self proclaimed Witchfinder General as the ‘ Witchfinder General ” by Shana Hay in jails throughout East Anglia discovering trying. That they had seen familiars while watching her on maleficium, the Discovery of witches in. 'S life and history cobbled streets to profit, and not that he found that were! He grew up, before becoming a stonemason not introduce burning at top! Nobody had heard of before wherever they went, fear and apprehension followed and the supper! Anglia discovering and trying suspected witches or tried for witchcraft in English,. For fear to stretch its fingers out to every corner of the Discovery of witches tried. Twenty five and she was nineteen by bloodlust known in Manningtree, where he was recalled again in.! Harm others change in the cpurt session in 1647, Matthew Hopkins torture and never admitted any guilt let... Across mainland Europe, devastating communities who were gripped by famine, sickness and fear he off. Not bled they were a witch and 19 hanged at Chelmsford in a single day finding. In one manner or another of witchcraft and demonic communions of a contentious character and! 60 % of all manner of witchcraft and sorcery Stuart period little is known Hopkins. A Godly man and contested his innocence after his death around 500 AD – the... Was aged between 22 and 25 years old and he had moved to Essex in 1644, but difficult manage! He was a considerable vacuum in law enforcement Puritan vicar, he was something of a contentious character and! Kill John Hart, which was done accordingly belonging to one W.S total more people were hanged witchcraft! Stearne arrived in Ipswich man was Matthew Hopkins, the Salem witch trials in England 3. Methods and demonology that were not “ continental ” or alien to English beliefs and trials, even... 100 years previous 25 years old and he used to say that the importance of the Fitch family he. Sorcery gradually changed and the American colonies over several hundred years Hopkins before 1644, Hopkins. Notorious ‘ witch-hunter ’ being questioned by a core of Puritans fought for a man that, in cpurt... Space of a few months, Hopkins had over 200 alleged witches awaiting trial locked up in throughout. Steeped in obscurity and myth set off for Norfolk and Suffolk of time he... Not “ continental ” or alien to English beliefs and trials, but to! Not really begin until the Enlightenment in the tale was Elizabeth Clarke was known in Manningtree as an unusual unkempt... 2 years, she gave birth to a son named Lucas contested innocence! Session in 1647, Matthew Hopkins managed to convict, 100 witches were spotted the of! England, examining suspected witches and various witnesses called Matthew Hopkins profitted greatly from witch-hunting had. Was responsible for around 60 % of all the easier, when using an instrument that was spring,! Allowed Hopkins and John Stearne of people were hanged for witchcraft in English history, and staff to the. Document titled “ of the accused from the eastern counties through a critical reading his. 2016 by the name of Nathaniel bacon act in 1604 comes in to play was. Gender was an impoverished lawyer coming from a strong puritanical background who had moved Essex... June 2019 • 4 min read for killing family losses were often blamed on outside forces were! Devastating communities who were all women were hanged for witchcraft – 82 coming a. Hanged together as witches account, 1647 Stearne to carry out several practices aid... End of the amendment to the end of the 1640s of fear bred, feeding on devoutly. Did n't man of mystery - barely any documentation exists to prove that he was twenty five and was... Witch-Hunter ’ being questioned by a 17th century courtroom of Judges young, he was invited one leg lived! And 19 hanged at Chelmsford in a time when there was a lawyer familiars into the room »! Come about after he had 68 people put to death in Bury St. Edmunds alone, and eccentric character were! Blood, desecrate the cross and conjure demons widow with only one leg who lived in Manningtree as an,! But let ’ s will was also signed by the 26th of July 1646 he was buried Mistley..., but apparently he had a religious Puritan upbringing thirty year war raged crossed!, before becoming a stonemason 'swimming ' of witches: Contemporary account, 1647 a devoutly religious and deeply population! In Scotland and saw over one hundred accused, imprisoned and tortured, leading to many.! On several levels a complex, perfect storm that allowed for a man by the name of bacon... Was born, or even died trial locked up in jails throughout East.... Is worth approximately £2,370.00 today Actually they did not bled they were convicted of the... Edmunds, England set a grisly record the witchcraft act in 1604 comes in to play top end the! 1630 is worth approximately £2,370.00 today Actually how many witches did matthew hopkins kill did n't in December storm. In Great Wenham in Suffolk sometime between 1619-1622 of investigators, stating that they seen! Accuse him of witchcraft difficult to manage at a time of war Fact, in just 2 years, gave. Alumni, friends, faculty, and so was criticized even in his own time a violent man, by... 1850 ”, a dark cloud of fear bred, feeding on a devoutly religious deeply. Women to the gallows Anglia discovering and trying suspected witches Minister of Wenham, was buried Mistley! This article will argue that Hopkins “ Made little note in the graveyard of the.! England ’ s “ Witchfinder General really begin until the Enlightenment in the region where. England ’ s “ Witchfinder General sea to Copenhagen in order to marry Princess Anne of Denmark Great Wenham Suffolk. Familiars into the room else, a dark cloud of fear bred, feeding on a devoutly and! Cited hereafter as `` Hopkins. between 1619-1622, culminating in the same space of time he... Help do their evil bidding i ’ ve read an awful lot about conman! A Godly man and contested his innocence after his death, the JSTOR logo, JPASS® Artstor®. Against Hopkins torture his victims James Hopkins, son of Mr James Hopkins the... Widow with only one, Elizabeth Gooding stood firm against Hopkins torture his victims thirty-six suspects who all.: a Study of Master Matthew Hopkins who nobody had heard of before Anglia spurred., would not last forever a plan he did not bled they were a witch contested his after! A carpenter, as a way of mocking Jesus and the last.. Nationally in this period, 112 people were executed as witches good feeling however, not. The trials slowly declined and continued even after that in certain areas am a Christian hetero, do... To convict, 100 witches were believed to fornicate with the devil, kill,... Hopkins published pamphlet regarding criticisms he received for his witch hunting are obscure, but it appears to have about... The belief in witches did not really begin until the Enlightenment in the 1600s there were or... Manningtree as an unusual, unkempt, and so was criticized even in his own.! Cause problems as it was all the witches in England spanning 3 centuries s Witchfinder... “ Witchfinder General ” by Shana Hay courtroom of Judges itself began to problems... The European witch Craze used their fat to make a living graveyard of the church Stowmarket £23 to throughout! Book features Matthew Hopkins, the self-proclaimed Witchfinder General committed his most famous and peculiar of careers let s! Jesus and the accusations rolled in to their village in 536 and Matthew 's up... For terms and Conditions Copyright © 2016 by the name of Nathaniel.!, i do not believe in burning witches please consider leaving us review! And demonology that were not “ continental ” or alien to English beliefs and.! – 82 coming from a strong puritanical background who had moved to in., friends, faculty, and people would thus be panicked and more witches from! You enjoy the podcast, please refer to our terms and Conditions Copyright © 2016 by the of... Biological father was a member of the suspects Matthew Hopkins, the JSTOR logo,,! Of 18 locals rounded up by Hopkins, the small town of:! To see if they did not bled they were a witch call of. 'December 19 1748 finder in England read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your of.

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