Matthew Hopkins (16?? This article will argue that Hopkins used methods and demonology that were not “continental” or alien to English beliefs and trials. Communities, looking for protection and finding none from traditional authorities, instead turned inwards, seeking new answers in old thinking to timeless problems. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org. Given his family’s ties with shipping interests in the area, as evidenced in his father’s will dated 1634, having some French or Flemish ties it would not have been unusual to seek higher education on the continent and would once again explain the lack of any formal educational records for Hopkins. Royalist figures, such as Prince Rupert of the Rhine, who had gained notoriety through rumour and hearsay for their warring ruthlessness were charicutured into demonic forces and as the imagery persisted, so to the superstitions grew. At the top end of society, clerks, lawyers, wig makers and doctors paraded themselves boldly through the cobbled streets. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. The "Witch-Finder General". The witch finders, however, did not operate by themselves; they travelled with a group of female searchers, who helped in discerning witch-marks. Hopkins was born in Great Wenham, the county of Suffolk, England. Fitch of Ipswich refers to Matthew Hopkins as: Whilst this manuscript has never been found, in 1974, during his research efforts for his book “Matthew Hopkins: Witchfinder general” published in 1976, Richard Deacon put out an appeal for information regarding Hopkins early life. Potts's Discovery of Witches: In the County of Lancaster, Brand New, Free shi... $23.89 . The skeptical Canon Episcopi retained many ... James had developed a fear that witches planned to kill him after he suffered from storms while traveling to Denmark in order to claim his bride, Anne, earlier that year. He was the 4th of six children. 17th century was deeply patriarchal and misogynistic so it was easy for men to blame women for problems and accuse them of witchery as an easy way to practice their prejudices. All Rights Reserved. Free shipping . (Witchfinder Fact 1) The activities of the Essex Witchfinders took place between 1645 and 1647. In September of 1645, the Witchfinder General committed his most notorious act. Preternature is an interdisciplinary forum for the study of the preternatural as seen in magics, witchcraft, spiritualism, occultism, prophecy, monstrophy, demonology, and folklore. He believed that he found that there were seven or eight witches regularly practicing their dark arts close to his house. Hopkins educational records are equally sparse, though from his later writings, we know that he could both speak and write English and Latin with a degree of competency. Matthew Hopkins claimed to have witnessed a witch call all of her familiars into the room. Bestowing upon himself the job title of “Witchfinder General”, his was a short career spanning just two years, however what it lacked in longevity, it made up for in results. The other was Sir Thomas Bowes. Stearne had discovered a small sect of witches in Manningtree, where Hopkins was residing. King James then went on to write “Demanlogie” in 1597, detailing extensively procedures and justifications for persecuting witchcraft from a Christian perspective. Select a purchase This was made all the easier, when using an instrument that was spring loaded, as Stearne was said to have used. This practice was never used as evidence in a trial, it was simply a very public method of shaming a victim and at the same time promoting Hopkins services. Only one, Elizabeth Gooding stood firm against Hopkins torture and never admitted any guilt. All rights reserved. 1 pound in 1630 is worth approximately £2,370.00 today This is further backed by his first known job as a Clerk for a shipping company, where the language and knowledge gained from Europe would certainly have helped greatly. A fever came to their village in 536 and Matthew's wif… In September he was in Yarmouth by special demand of the authorities where he was recalled again in December. However, no further investigation was carried out. Close analysis of this tract shows that Hopkins's demonology is in fact part of mainstream English demonology, and that his methods were influenced by both elite and popular conceptions of the crime of witchcraft and of how to deal with accused witches. “The Discoverer never travelled far for it, but in March 1644 he had some seven or eight of that horrible sect of Witches living in the Towne where he lived, a Towne in Essex called Maningtree, with divers other adjacent Witches of other towns, who every six weeks in the night (being alwayes on the Friday night) had their meeting close by his house and had their severall solemne sacrifices there offered to the Devill, … $30.16. Voice over credit: Michael Ayiotis ——————— Elizabeth Clarke was known in Manningtree as an unusual, unkempt, and eccentric character. 22.18. They were the first of their kind in Scotland and saw over one hundred accused, imprisoned and tortured, leading to many confessions. This in itself began to cause problems as it was not only costly, but difficult to manage at a time of war. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. These were all contributing factors that would open the door for fear to stretch its fingers out to every corner of the country. There, they tried and … In this book, he questioned the existence of Imps and animal familiars, made distinctions between the good workings of a magician and the spells of a witch and scathingly, took Hopkins treatment of those accused to task. Request Permissions. Hopkins rode through East Anglia, clearing towns of witches wherever he was invited. It was rumoured that Matthew Hopkins had ‘The Devils Book’, a directory of all the witches in England. Firstly, Hopkins is not a good guy. In total more people were hanged by his hand than in the entire 100 years previous. Matthew Hopkins was considered to be part of this pro-parliament movement and would have have support in his push for social reform. The Man Himself. It was time for Hopkins to take this show on the road, for there were communities that needed saving and money to be earnt. The Historical Significance of Matthew Hopkins: England’s “Witchfinder General” By Shana Hay. In 1604, the witchcraft act was amended once again, this time it remained, for the most part unchanged, however it was broadened to include the commune of a person with a demonic familiar, or invocation of evil spirits. How many women was Matthew Hopkins died in 1647, Paperback by Hopkins ' actions 1600s there were thirty-six! Even after that in certain areas loaded, as Stearne was said to have used do this and Suffolk and! And continued even after that in certain areas raged across mainland Europe, devastating communities who were gripped by,... 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