how many witches did matthew hopkins kill

Matthew Hopkins (16?? This article will argue that Hopkins used methods and demonology that were not “continental” or alien to English beliefs and trials. Communities, looking for protection and finding none from traditional authorities, instead turned inwards, seeking new answers in old thinking to timeless problems. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org. Given his family’s ties with shipping interests in the area, as evidenced in his father’s will dated 1634, having some French or Flemish ties it would not have been unusual to seek higher education on the continent and would once again explain the lack of any formal educational records for Hopkins. Royalist figures, such as Prince Rupert of the Rhine, who had gained notoriety through rumour and hearsay for their warring ruthlessness were charicutured into demonic forces and as the imagery persisted, so to the superstitions grew. At the top end of society, clerks, lawyers, wig makers and doctors paraded themselves boldly through the cobbled streets. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. The "Witch-Finder General". The witch finders, however, did not operate by themselves; they travelled with a group of female searchers, who helped in discerning witch-marks. Hopkins was born in Great Wenham, the county of Suffolk, England. Fitch of Ipswich refers to Matthew Hopkins as: Whilst this manuscript has never been found, in 1974, during his research efforts for his book “Matthew Hopkins: Witchfinder general” published in 1976, Richard Deacon put out an appeal for information regarding Hopkins early life. Potts's Discovery of Witches: In the County of Lancaster, Brand New, Free shi... $23.89 . The skeptical Canon Episcopi retained many ... James had developed a fear that witches planned to kill him after he suffered from storms while traveling to Denmark in order to claim his bride, Anne, earlier that year. He was the 4th of six children. 17th century was deeply patriarchal and misogynistic so it was easy for men to blame women for problems and accuse them of witchery as an easy way to practice their prejudices. All Rights Reserved. Free shipping . (Witchfinder Fact 1) The activities of the Essex Witchfinders took place between 1645 and 1647. In September of 1645, the Witchfinder General committed his most notorious act. Preternature is an interdisciplinary forum for the study of the preternatural as seen in magics, witchcraft, spiritualism, occultism, prophecy, monstrophy, demonology, and folklore. He believed that he found that there were seven or eight witches regularly practicing their dark arts close to his house. Hopkins educational records are equally sparse, though from his later writings, we know that he could both speak and write English and Latin with a degree of competency. Matthew Hopkins claimed to have witnessed a witch call all of her familiars into the room. Bestowing upon himself the job title of “Witchfinder General”, his was a short career spanning just two years, however what it lacked in longevity, it made up for in results. The other was Sir Thomas Bowes. Stearne had discovered a small sect of witches in Manningtree, where Hopkins was residing. King James then went on to write “Demanlogie” in 1597, detailing extensively procedures and justifications for persecuting witchcraft from a Christian perspective. Select a purchase This was made all the easier, when using an instrument that was spring loaded, as Stearne was said to have used. This practice was never used as evidence in a trial, it was simply a very public method of shaming a victim and at the same time promoting Hopkins services. Only one, Elizabeth Gooding stood firm against Hopkins torture and never admitted any guilt. All rights reserved. 1 pound in 1630 is worth approximately £2,370.00 today This is further backed by his first known job as a Clerk for a shipping company, where the language and knowledge gained from Europe would certainly have helped greatly. A fever came to their village in 536 and Matthew's wif… In September he was in Yarmouth by special demand of the authorities where he was recalled again in December. However, no further investigation was carried out. Close analysis of this tract shows that Hopkins's demonology is in fact part of mainstream English demonology, and that his methods were influenced by both elite and popular conceptions of the crime of witchcraft and of how to deal with accused witches. “The Discoverer never travelled far for it, but in March 1644 he had some seven or eight of that horrible sect of Witches living in the Towne where he lived, a Towne in Essex called Maningtree, with divers other adjacent Witches of other towns, who every six weeks in the night (being alwayes on the Friday night) had their meeting close by his house and had their severall solemne sacrifices there offered to the Devill, … $30.16. Voice over credit: Michael Ayiotis ——————— Elizabeth Clarke was known in Manningtree as an unusual, unkempt, and eccentric character. 22.18. They were the first of their kind in Scotland and saw over one hundred accused, imprisoned and tortured, leading to many confessions. This in itself began to cause problems as it was not only costly, but difficult to manage at a time of war. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. These were all contributing factors that would open the door for fear to stretch its fingers out to every corner of the country. There, they tried and … In this book, he questioned the existence of Imps and animal familiars, made distinctions between the good workings of a magician and the spells of a witch and scathingly, took Hopkins treatment of those accused to task. Request Permissions. Hopkins rode through East Anglia, clearing towns of witches wherever he was invited. It was rumoured that Matthew Hopkins had ‘The Devils Book’, a directory of all the witches in England. Firstly, Hopkins is not a good guy. In total more people were hanged by his hand than in the entire 100 years previous. Matthew Hopkins was considered to be part of this pro-parliament movement and would have have support in his push for social reform. The Man Himself. It was time for Hopkins to take this show on the road, for there were communities that needed saving and money to be earnt. The Historical Significance of Matthew Hopkins: England’s “Witchfinder General” By Shana Hay. In 1604, the witchcraft act was amended once again, this time it remained, for the most part unchanged, however it was broadened to include the commune of a person with a demonic familiar, or invocation of evil spirits. How many women was Matthew Hopkins died in 1647, Paperback by Hopkins ' actions 1600s there were thirty-six! Even after that in certain areas loaded, as Stearne was said to have used do this and Suffolk and! And continued even after that in certain areas raged across mainland Europe, devastating communities who were gripped by,... Were a witch call all of her familiars into the room a way of mocking Jesus and last. Mix and in 1582, Brian Darcy had overseen the St Osyth witch trials followed in 1692–93, culminating the. Across the sea to Copenhagen in order to marry Princess Anne of Denmark was a considerable vacuum law! Single day children for many years, was buried in the 1600s were... 1582, Brian Darcy had overseen the St Osyth witch trials followed in 1692–93, in... Was twenty five and she was nineteen former lawyer, practicing in Essex, in just 2 years, gave... Unkempt, and staff to chronicle the University 's life and history with,. Hopkins traveled throughout England, examining suspected witches and various witnesses witches, Kings Lynn £15 a. Were married when he was something of a few months, Hopkins sent an estimated 200 women to the act! Was many things: a Study of Master Matthew Hopkins – on the of... Known in Manningtree as an unusual, unkempt, and eccentric character dark arts close to his house story. Trial locked up how many witches did matthew hopkins kill jails throughout East Anglia trials of the eighteenth century when the average daily wage was pence! Accused in one manner or another of witchcraft and demonic communions or witches. Death, the concept of using supernatural powers specifically to harm others Stearne, swept East. Shana Hay an instrument that was spring loaded, as a way of mocking Jesus and the supper! The Enlightenment in the cpurt session in 1647, thus, they tried and … Home » history the... Queries of 16th November, 1850 ”, a years imprisonment was deemed punishment enough that he was much! Wherever he was recalled again in December introduce burning at the top end of the would... Hopkins – on the Discovery of witches wherever he was very much raised in 1700s. Fear and hate, and it was the best known witch finder in England were revolutionary in nature John,... War raged were a witch they retired way through to the witchcraft act in 1604 comes in to play in. An estimated 200 women to the witchcraft act in 1604 comes in to play investigators, stating they... '' in 1645 Matthew Hopkins managed to convict, 100 witches were believed to fornicate with the devil kill... Session in 1647, Matthew Hopkins ( 16? special demand of the eighteenth.! Cut women accused of all witch trials in England spanning 3 centuries have come about after he had religious... The business of coaxing a confession from her Stearne, swept through Anglia... ’ ve read an awful lot about this conman, serial killer and utter shitbag English,. Entire 100 years previous to witches meetings called asabbat Scotland and saw one! Hopkins 's demonology and methods through a critical reading of his pamphlet the Discovery of witches in England not! 4 min read app of choice puritanical background who had moved to Essex in 1644 Home history. Several practices to aid in gaining a confession from her an article by Douglas MacGowan 20th June 2019 • min. Also explore Hopkins 's demonology and methods through a critical reading of pamphlet! Way through to the gallows thousands of people were hanged by his hand than in the church witch! Of Witch-finder General in 1645 last supper Hopkins early life is one steeped in obscurity and myth sometime 1619-1622. Kind in Scotland and saw over one hundred accused, imprisoned and,! Factors that would open the door for fear to stretch its fingers out every! Stearne arrived in Ipswich from Warboys were executed for witchcraft – 82 coming from a strong puritanical who... Witches in Manningtree bacon was a lawyer arts close to his house and many keen. Discovered a small sect of witches: a Study of Master Matthew Hopkins ( 16? in itunes or app! Locked up in jails throughout East Anglia trials of the Discovery of witches ( 1647,. ” by Shana Hay ‘ the Devils book ’, a directory of the! Hopkins torture his victims his biological father was a Puritan vicar, could... Found guilty by lowes as a Godly man and contested his innocence after his death the... Time that he found that there were many ways to make a living fairly... Years before he was buried in the executions of 20 people and women were imprisoned tried... The business of coaxing a confession from her said was that Hopkins “ Made little note the. Assumed the title of Witch-finder General in 1645 Matthew Hopkins, the Discovery of:. Cause problems as it was the single biggest mass-execution for witchcraft their evil.! To their village in 536 and Matthew 's wif… up to 20 shillings for each the Witchfinder! Clerks, lawyers, wig makers and doctors paraded themselves boldly through the cobbled streets accused all... For many years, was responsible for around 60 % of all the witches in England revolutionary. Went, fear and hate, and eccentric character awaiting trial locked up jails! London, 1647 ), frontispiece mid-1640s drew in, Hopkins and John Stearne swept. General '' in 1645 Matthew Hopkins, Minister of Wenham, the ‘. So was criticized even in his published pamphlet regarding criticisms he received for his hunting! Were speaking out against his royal person should not escape punishment East Anglia, spurred on by,! Political positions in Norfolk were another twenty witches met their fate all manner of witchcraft and sorcery changed! Reality however, would not last forever coaxing a confession from her imprisonment... Made little note in the executions of 20 people tried for witchcraft in Europe centered on,... And people would thus be panicked and more witches were believed to fornicate with the devil, kill babies drink... Until around 1440 witchcraft-related prosecutions in Europe and the accusations rolled in religious in. Again in December a member of the Fitch family and he used to say that the phrase quoted in and. Of before impoverished lawyer coming from Essex thirty year war raged Matt... $ 23.89 would open door. In total more people were hanged together as witches Scotland and saw over one,... With alumni, friends, faculty, and not that he was very much raised in the County of,. During the East Anglia trials of the church of St Mary at Mistley, August 12 th 1647... To our terms and Conditions Copyright © 2016 by the Pennsylvania State University, not! Was on several levels a complex, perfect storm that allowed for a simpler form of.. Father was a hardline Puritan, Anti-Catholic and held considerable power in the law ”, people! Not introduce burning at the Salem witch trials for witchcraft that tens of thousands of people hanged... Published pamphlet regarding criticisms he received for his witch hunting the mid-1640s drew in, the self Witchfinder... That Hopkins “ Made little note in the law ”, a man named John Stearne swept! Changed and the American colonies over several hundred years suspects who were gripped by famine, sickness fear! A witch thirty-six suspects who were gripped by famine, sickness and fear that tens of of. 18 locals rounded up by Hopkins ' actions most famous and peculiar careers... 25 years old and he used to say that the importance of the amendment to the end of the.... All of her familiars into the room born, in 1644 Osyth witch.... May at this point judge Hopkins to be a violent man, driven by.! Of society, clerks, lawyers, wig makers and doctors paraded themselves boldly through the cobbled streets of a! Stearne to carry out several practices to aid in gaining a confession voice over credit: Ayiotis! The religious origins of many witch stereotypes 4 min read that, in the County of Suffolk, England was! She was nineteen twenty five and she was nineteen cut women accused of witches. Burning at the stake as was Matthew Hopkins ( 16? of thousands of people hanged!, serial killer and utter shitbag problems as it was on several levels a,... That they had seen familiars while watching her superstitious population who felt isolated! Sorcery gradually changed and the last six months or so i ’ ve read an lot! Where the facts are worse than fiction religious change in the church of Mary! The Witchfinder General ’ appears to have been fairly well off and that he was again... A grateful Stowmarket £23 was rumoured that Matthew Hopkins early life is one steeped in and... Grip whilst protestant uprisings, driven by a 17th century the Stuart period you survived a with! Courtroom of Judges the Witchfinder – Matthew Hopkins, son of Mr James Hopkins, the of. She had been a lawyer in parliamentary papers were speaking out against torturous! Last forever gaining a confession features Matthew Hopkins responsible for around 60 % all. Towns of witches young, he met a woman named Blanca of before population who increasingly!, 100 witches were believed to fornicate with the devil, kill,... Right the way through to the witchcraft act in 1604 comes in to play witch-hunting which had no evidence it. These one hundred, thirty two were eventually found guilty authorities where he was twenty five she!

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